BC, near the ancient Thracian capital of Seuthopolis and close to the city, the Thracian Tomb was built. Consisting of a vaulted brickwork "beehive" (tholos) tomb, it contains, among others, painted murals representing a Thracian couple at a ritual funeral feast. The tomb was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979.
The current city of Kazanlak was founded in the 1300s out of a strategic need to protect the Shipka Pass.
The city lies at the eastern end of the famous Rose Valley. It is flanked with mid-height mountain ranges on opposite sides, and is especially marvellous in May when rose fields blossom and the fragrance is unparalleled. The beautiful celebrations for the blossom of the roses there takes place in the first week of June. The whole week is filled with different attractions every day. That week is also interesting, because there is a beauty pageant and on the last day of the celebrations, the most beautiful girl in the city is chosen. They call her "The Queen Of Roses". Bulgaria is the major supplier of a certain type of rose oil in the world and Kazanlak's rose gardens are the largest rose gardens in the whole world. It is the only place in the entire world that can grow this certain rose.
The area of Kazanlak is rich in cultural and historical places of interest and visitors can spend enjoyable hours exploring them. Recently ten more Thracian tombs-mausoleums have been unearthed near Kazanlak. Some of them are of great importance - Ostrousha - 2km south of Shipka, Golyama Arsenalka - near the village of Sheinovo, and the tombs of Shoushmanets necropolis near the town of Shipka - Helvetia, the Griffins, and the Tomb with the Columns.
The national Shipka-Buzludza park-museum includes Shipka Memorial Church (or Church of the Nativity) near the town of Shipka, Shipka National Park, Freedom Monument near the village of Sheinovo and Buzludza National Park.